Nottingham Forest was founded in 1865 and became a founder member of the Football Alliance in 1889. Its first major success was winning the FA Cup in 1898.
Forest's most successful period came under the management of Brian Clough, between 1975 and 1993, during which time they won the English league championship, two consecutive European Cups and four League Cups.
Forest first won the European Cup in 1978-79, beating Malmo 1-0 with a goal from Trevor Francis. They retained the trophy a year later, beating Hamburg 1-0 at the Bernabeu in Madrid, in large part due to an outstanding performance from goalkeeper Peter Shilton. Qualifying as holders in the latter campaign, they became the first team to have won the European Cup more times than their domestic trophy.
Forest also won the European Super Cup in 1979, beating FC Barcelona 2-1 on aggregate and securing the trophy with a draw in the Camp Nou.
The club reached the semi-finals of the UEFA Cup in 1983–84 but were knocked out by Anderlecht in controversial circumstances. It later emerged that in the second leg, the Belgian club had bribed the referee.
Forest's record appearance holder is Bob McKinley, who made 692 appearances for the club. He is followed by Ian Bowyer (568), Steve Chettle (526) and Stuart Pearce (522).
Nottingham Forest's record goalscorer is Grenville Morris, with 217 goals. He is followed by Nigel Clough, son of Brian, who netted 131 times for the club.
Forest's record win in all competitions was 14-0 away to Clapton in 1891.
Their record transfer fee paid is £13.2 million Benfica for João Carvalho in 2018.